Electric mobility is an important contributor for sustainable mobility and for increasing energetic efficiency in transport. It is expected that this contribution be ever higher, as both the autonomy of electric vehicles rises and the number of charging stations nationwide. Thus, leading to a growing number of users from this new kind of mobility.
Advantages of electric vehicles
They are less polluting, presenting an excellent performance, given that the torque is constant, being immediately available, the autonomy is ever higher. In addition to the availability of the charging network, and the maintenance costs are much lower if compared to combustion engine vehicles. Check in detail the countless advantages of having an electric vehicle:
If we do a comparative analysis of the entire life cycle, we conclude that the electric vehicle is, on average, between 66% and 69% less polluting than gasoline vehicles (source International Council on Clean Transportation); furthermore, in Portugal the production of electricity is increasingly coming from renewable sources (on average, the energy mix is of 50%, but there are days when it reaches 80% - www.electricitymap.org)
With an electric vehicle, there is no need for liquid fuel nor oil changes. In fact, the maintenance costs associated to the internal combustion engine are eliminated, which represents an enormous saving on the user’s wallet.
It is cheaper to charge an electric vehicle (EV). For example, a driver who covers 16 000 km/a year, consuming about 6 litres of diesel to 100 km (1,48€ per litre), spends, on average, 1.420€ per year on fuel. The same 16 000km covered with an EV, assuming a consumption of 16 kWh for every 100 km, corresponds to 2560 kWh. With a price varying between 0,15€ / kWh (off- peak hours at home) and 0,45€ per kWh (at one of the more expensive PCRs), the driver saves between 1025€ (73%) and 268€ (18%) per year.
Electric mobility: yes or no?
Check in the video the advantages of adhering to electric mobility, every day, in the city.
Combustion Engine Vehicle
An average range vehicle was used, registered in 2020, for this comparison. The results analyse the vehicle’s entire life cycle, from its production onwards (source: Transport & Environment).
Produces, on average, 84 g of CO2 per kilometre.
One of the most noticeable things when driving an electric vehicle is the silence, which makes the experience more relaxing.
Maximum power is available as soon as the vehicle accelerates
Maintenance of the electric vehicle is much simpler: there is no engine oil to replace or spark plugs and, due to regenerative braking, the brakes and tires are largely spared.
Charging costs are also reduced. For this comparison, we used the BlueAcademy Savings Simulator and a KAUAI 39.2 kWh was used
A diesel and gasoline equivalent vehicle, registered in 2020, was used.
Produces, on average, 233 g of CO2 per kilometre.
Produces, on average, 253 g of CO2 per kilometre.
Engine noise is constant when driving a gasoline vehicle and is even more noticeable in a diesel vehicle.
Acceleration is done progressively through the gearbox
In a combustion vehicle, the engine oil must be replaced (every 10,000 kilometers), in addition to the engine's brake pads, tires and spark plugs. On average, annual maintenance costs triple.
On average, it spends an over €880 to fuel the vehicle for a year
On average, it spends an over €1,330 to fuel the vehicle for a year